Insomnia: A Brief Introduction
Insomnia is a specific sleep disorder that makes people unable to fall or stay asleep for a longer period of time in spite of continuously trying to sleep and having sufficient scope as well as time to sleep. In other words, insomnia can be referred to as the difficulty faced by people in starting to sleep or maintaining sleep that can further cause improper functioning during the waking hours in daytime.
It is however observed that insomnia unleashes its impact on children, adults, the middle-aged men and women as well as the old people and the occurrences of insomnia are further found to increase along with age.
The Causes Of Insomnia: A Peek
There are definite factors responsible for the sleep disorder, insomnia. These are namely, medical conditions, factors associated with sleep and hygiene, stress and sleep disorders. Some of the prominent causes of insomnia are briefly described below.
Mental As Well As Physical Condition
Problems affecting personal life such as divorce, death of friend or a family member et al and financial difficulties can lead to heavy stress on the mind and as a consequence, you are likely to become a victim of insomnia. However, if you are suffering from pain in the legs, arms, or at a specific part of your body, you may encounter difficulties while trying to sleep and most particularly, physical problems like chronic pain are found to be specifically responsible for insomnia in men and women.
Medicines, Food And Drink
There are certain prescription-based sleep medicines that are capable of making you victims of insomnia and altogether it is noteworthy that if the usage of some medications for treating insomnia is stopped suddenly, the patients who are using these drugs are likely to fell prey to rebound insomnia.
However, it is also essential to note that the amount of satisfactory sleep one is having at night also depends on the food and drink items he enjoyed during the daytime as the intake of excessive alcohol and caffeine, use of cigarettes etc. can lead to inadequate sleep in men and women.
Factors Related To Sleep Hygiene
The sleep hygiene of a person is likely to get disturbed if he goes to sleep with a starved stomach and further there are also certain other factors that are capable of affecting a person’s sleep hygiene. These are namely, sleeping in a room full of excessive lighting or noise, performing other activities in the bedroom in addition to sleeping, considering to work in bed before finally sleeping at night etc.
Exciting Activities Performed Before Hitting The Bed
It is also certain that if an individual partakes in stimulating activities such as practicing tough physical exercises before getting off to sleep, he is likely to face difficulties in falling asleep. And altogether, people viewing cruel images or watching violent news on the television before sleeping may also find it very hard to sleep properly.
Different Types Of Insomnia: A Glance
Insomnia or sleep difficulty can be of varying types but there are three types of insomnia that are found to exist primarily. These three specific types of insomnia are particularly,
- Transient Insomnia
- Acute Insomnia
- Chronic Insomnia
Transient insomnia is a specific type of sleep disorder in which the patient suffers from loss of sleep as well as diminished psychomotor performance. Transient insomnia can result from specific changes in the sleep environment, timing of sleep and also from stress or depression. This type of insomnia continues from certain days to weeks.
This is a particular type of sleeping disorder that makes men unable to sleep well for a certain period of time. The lasting period for acute insomnia is about three weeks to six months.
This is a specific type of sleep disorder that is long lasting and further it is noteworthy that on certain cases, chronic insomnia can last for years at a stretch. However, it is found that chronic insomnia can be the result of a whole range of difficulties, namely, problems relating to mental health, problems pertaining to medical conditions, side-effects of medicines and most particularly misuse of substances. And on suffering from chronic insomnia, it is mandatory to take help from a therapist or a physician.
Treatment of Insomnia
Insomnia poses a grave threat to mental and physical fitness but there are certain remedies available for treating various kinds of insomnia. A specific treatment of insomnia may not yield beneficial results for certain patients suffering from the disorder but nevertheless, the treatment processes mentioned below are definitely advantageous for people under the grip of insomnia or sleeplessness.
Popular methods for treating insomnia are:
- Stress management and relaxation methods such as meditation, muscle relaxation techniques, abdominal breathing, visual imagery and other processes.
- Herbs and herbal remedies
- Alternative treatment processes such as acupuncture, bright light therapy and aromatherapy
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy
A patient suffering from insomnia is recommended to opt for Cognitive-behavioral therapy, bright light therapy, aromatherapy, acupuncture and other special treatment processes under the care of a specialist only and altogether, before undergoing these treatments, it is particularly essential to consult the physician.